Alain Keler

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Parias, les Roms en Europe. Première partie: à l'Est de l'Ouest - Pariahs, Romas in Europe. First part: East of the West.

PARIAHS, GYPSIES IN EUROPE: FIRST CHAPTER, EAST OF THE WEST
In July 1999, after Serbian forces had just left Kosovo, and while NATO soldiers patrolled streets emptied of their Albanian inhabitants, deported en masse by Slobodan Milosevic’s government, I photographed a neighborhood of burning houses in the uplands of Pristina. These were gypsy homes.

Accused of collaboration with the Serbs, they were regrouped in refugee camps under the protection of NATO forces, before departing discretely for Serbia.
 
Ten years later, I found the gypsies of Kosovo living in Belgrade beneath overpasses, under stations, or hidden in the woods where no one could to see them.  
 
Before the 2nd World War, the biggest minority in Europe was the Jews.  My grandparents, Polish Jews, arrived in France at the beginning of the 20th century, fleeing poverty and racism.  When I was young, my mother spoke often, crying of them and her little sister, who was deported with them at age 13.  Before the catastrophe, the Jews of villages and ghettos shared with the gypsies being excluded from the societies in which they lived.  And then, Auschwitz happened.  There, Jews and gypsies lived in hell.
 
Today, the gypsies are the biggest minority on the European continent.  They are still as miserable and undesirable.
 
In this new European space conceived of to avoid that, the follies of men, the politics of stigmatization are remerging.  Rejected because of poverty and hate in their countries, vulnerable and fragile, in search of a place to breathe, they become here and there an election issue.
 

PARIAS.  LES ROMS EN EUROPE: PREMIERE PARTIE, A  L'EST DE L'OUEST

 

En juillet 1999,  alors que les forces Serbes venaient de quitter le Kosovo, et que les soldats de l’OTAN patrouillaient dans des rues encore vides de leurs habitants albanais expulsés massivement par le gouvernement de  Slobodan Milosevic,  je photographiais dans un quartier sur les hauteurs de Pristina des maisons qui brûlaient. C’était des maisons de Roms.

 

Accusés de collaboration avec les Serbes, ils furent regroupés dans des camps de réfugiés sous la protection des forces de l’OTAN, avant de partir discrètement vers la Serbie.

 

Dix années plus tard, je retrouvais les Roms du Kosovo vivant à Belgrade sous des ponts d’échangeurs, sous des gares ou cachés dans des bois d’où personne ne pouvait les voir.

 

Avant la dernière guerre, la plus grande minorités en Europe était les Juifs. Mes grands- parents, juifs polonais, sont arrivés en France au début du vingtième siècle pour fuir pauvreté et racisme. Quand j’étais jeune, ma mère me parlait souvent en pleurant d’eux et de sa petite sœur, déportée avec eux à l’âge de 13 ans.  Avant  la catastrophe, les Juifs des villages, des ghettos, et les Roms partageaient l’exclusion des sociétés dans lesquelles ils vivaient. Ils étaient aussi misérables les uns que les autres. Et puis il y a eu Auschwitz. Juifs et Roms y ont vécu l’enfer.

 

Aujourd’hui, les Roms sont la plus grande minorité du continent européen. Ils sont toujours aussi misérables et indésirables.

 

Dans ce nouvel espace européen conçu pour éviter que recommencent les folies des hommes, des politiques d’état les stigmatisent. Rejetés par la pauvreté et la haine dans leurs pays, vulnérables et fragiles, à la recherche d’endroits pour souffler, ils deviennent  ici et là un enjeu électoral.

 

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Parias, les Roms en Europe. Première partie: à l'Est de l'Ouest - Pariahs, Romas in Europe. First part: East of the West.

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 Accused by the Albanian of Kosovo of collaborating with the serbs, gypsies are protected by the british army. Gypsies refugee camp. Kosovo Polje, july 11,1999
Ashkali in the district of Fushë Kosovë (Kosovo Polje in serb), where the Ashkalis live. They are an albanian ethnic minority. They are muslim and speak albanian as their first language. Kosovo, February 2008.
 In Kosovo Polje, next to the train station, Ashkalis and Roma people are living in precarious conditions. November 2008.
Gazela slum. Most of the Roma find places to live only near railway tracks or garbage deposit. Belgrad, Serbia. November 2008.
Camp de réfugiés Roms de Plementine, Kosovo, novembre 2008.
Shutka, Macedonia. November 2008.
Roma families living under the Novi Beograd train station. Most of them are coming from Kosovo they had to leave after the 1999 war. Belgrad, november 2009.
Roma district of Litvinov. Czech Republic. January 2009.
neo-Nazi march of defiance in the predominant Roma district of Litvinov. Czech Republic. January 2009.
Roma families have been relocated in an area far from the center of town, where they used to live. Vsetin, Czech Republic. Mai 2009.
Roma village. Richnava, Slovakia. Mai 2009.
Roma live in an empty factory part of what used to be a mine. The abandoned mines are one of the worst polluted place in the country. Many people take drugs. Rudnany, Slovakia. May 2009.
Roma live in an empty factory part of what used to be a mine. The abandoned mines are one of the worst polluted place in the country. Many people take drugs. Rudnany, Slovakia. May 2009.
Roma live in an empty factory part of what used to be a mine. The abandoned mines are one of the worst polluted place in the country. Many people take drugs. Rudnany, Slovakia. May 2009.
Roma live in an empty factory part of what used to be a mine. The abandoned mines are one of the worst polluted place in the country. Many people take drugs. Rudnany, Slovakia. May 2009.
Roma village of Kubachy. Slovakia. November 2009.
Roma settlement near Rudnany. Slovakia, May 2009.
Roma live in an abandoned mine, one of the worst polluted place in the country. Rudnany, Slovakia. May 2009.
"Roma Osada", roma district of Letanovce, located at 2 kilometers from the center. It is at the edge of the National park of the slovak paradise. Slovakia, November 2009.
Solemn communion of Roma children. Letanovce, Slovakia. May 2010.
"Roma osada", roma district of Letanovce, located at 2 kilometers from the center. It is at the edge of the National park of the slovak paradise. Slovakia, November 2009.
"Roma osada", roma district of Letanovce, located at 2 kilometers from the center, at the edge of the National park of the slovak paradise. Slovakia, November 2009.
"Roma osada", roma district of Letanovce, located at 2 kilometers from the center, at the edge of the National park of the slovak paradise. Slovakia, November 2009.
"Roma osada", roma district of Letanovce, located at 2 kilometers from the center, at the edge of the National park of the slovak paradise. Slovakia, November 2009.
"Roma osada", roma district of Letanovce, located at 2 kilometers from the center, at the edge of the National park of the slovak paradise. Slovakia, November 2009.
"Roma osada", roma district of Letanovce, located at 2 kilometers from the center, at the edge of the National park of the slovak paradise. Slovakia, November 2009.
Winter is very harsh at the"Roma osada", roma district of Letanovce, located at 2 kilometers from the center, at the edge of the National park of the slovak paradise. Slovakia, November 2009.
winter is very harsh, but can be fun also, at the"Roma osada", roma district of Letanovce, located at 2 kilometers from the center, at the edge of the National park of the slovak paradise. Slovakia, November 2009.
winter is very harsh, but can be fun also, at the"Roma osada", roma district of Letanovce, located at 2 kilometers from the center, at the edge of the National park of the slovak paradise. Slovakia, November 2009.
Families of youg roma live very poorly, away from the center of the roma district. Ostravany, Slovakia. May 2010.
Roma village near the ukraine border. Slovalia, May 2009.
Roma children. Eastern Slovakia. May 2009.
Anti Roma rally organized by neo-nazi party DSSS (worker's and social justice) Speaking is the party's head Thomas Vandas. Varnsdorf, Czech republic. September 2011.
Violence broke out in an  anti Roma rally organized by neo-nazi party DSSS (worker's and social justice) . Varnsdorf, Czech republic. September 2011.
Anti Roma rally organized by neo-nazi party DSSS (worker's and social justice) . A roma is reacting as the march is passing nearby the Roma district. Varnsdorf, Czech republic. September 2011.
Anti riot police is protecting the hotel where roma families live. The demonstration of the neo-nazi party DSSS turned violent. It looked like the police avoided a pogrom. Varnsdorf, Czech Republic. September 2011.
An arrest has been made of a neo nazi demonstrator against Roma living in a social hotel.The demonstration turned violent and a pogrom has been avoided by anti riot police. Varnsdorf, Czech Republic. September 2011.
A father and his 5 years old son have been shot to death as they were running away from their house set on fire by attackers.Tatarszentgörgy, Hungary. April 2010.
The Roma district of  small village has been terrorized by fascist militia . It took a long time for the government to get rid of them. Gyongyospata, Hungary.May 2009.
Roma ghetto. Ozd, Hungary. April 2010.
Roma ghetto. Ozd, Hungary. April 2010.
Hungarian NGOs organize games for the children of a Roma village traumatized by fascist militias.Gyöngyöspata, Hungary. May 2011.
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