Pakistan / Religions & Minorities

Pakistan means "Land of the pure". The islamic republic lives under Sharia law. It's a crossroad land with Shiite, Soufi, Hindou, Christians, Sikhs, Sunni but they all leave under the pressure of perpetual terror attacks. It happens in public places but most of the time in holy places, during prayers.

 

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Le Pakistan ou “Pays des purs”, république islamique vit sous la loi de la Charia. 

 

Mardi 4 janvier 2011, le gouverneur du Pendjab a payé de sa vie sa proposition de sortir la notion de blasphème de la charia. Cette volonté faisait suite à une condamnation à la peine de mort pour une chrétienne qui aurait comparé le prophète et Jésus. Le gouverneur jugeait cette loi comme une forme de discrimination et d’oppression sur les minorités religieuses du pays. Cette proposition avait immédiatement été rejetée par le gouvernement. Cela n’a pas suffit à calmer la colère des fondamentaliste

Les crimes, attentats à caractère religieux sont légion au Pakistan. Il semblerait pourtant que ce soit le fait dune minorité extrémiste terrorisant une majorité d’hommes et de femmes tolérants. Certes les minorités évitent de faire des vagues au Pakistan. Elles sont pourtant bien présentes, aux vues de tous. Des cathédrales existent, des lieux de cultes Sikhs côtoient des mosquées, les Soufis vénèrent leurs lieux saints largement fréquentés par des personnes d’autres religions, les Hindous, s’ils sont discrets, ne vivent pourtant pas caché

Au Pakistan chaque mouvement religieux a subit des attaques, y compris les chiites et les Soufis, pourtant branches directes de l’Islam. Il ne faudrait pas que la question des coptes d’Égypte ait généré un amalgame entre des mouvements fondamentalistes et l’Islam en général. Il faudrait se garder de penser que nous assistons à une chasse aux Chrétiens généralisée. Et ne pas imaginer que la terreur et l’horreur ne touchent que les seuls Chrétiens. Les pakistanais vivent quotidiennement avec la menace terroriste, ce n’est pour autant pas le reflet de cette civilisation riche d’histoire et de culture. Minorités méconnues et communautés religieuses bien présentes en cette terre d’Islam, pays que l’on se représente en général comme mono cultuel. Alors même que le Pakistan a été crée pour accueillir les musulmans d’Inde, l’histoire et la présence de ces diverses religions est constitutive de l’identité de cette région. L’oppression des faibles est généralisée dans le monde et il faudrait que ce soit aussi l’occasion de repenser la question des minorités, de l’acceptation des différences y compris chez nous.

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Pakistan / Religions & Minorities

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Animism. Traces of animist rituals in a cross street in Lahore. It is rare to see such penalty remains in town because it is done to remove the evil of the body of a patient and, according to belief, this may affect bystanders.
Wahai border, the border with Pakistan the Pakistani side. Each evening unfolds a kind of spectacle between Pakistani and Indian border guards. It is a strange mix between casual and cynical nationalist demonstration.
Shiites: Portrait of Ali Jinnah Moammad in front of a Hindu temple in Lahore. Jinnah, the "Great Leader", "Father of the Nation", was Shiite. We can not count the number of attacks suffered by this community.
Sunnites: The great mosque of Lahore, the Badshahi mosque during prayer / La grande mosquée de Lahore, la mosquée Badshahi pendant la prière
Sunnites: The great mosque of Lahore, the Badshahi mosque during prayer / La grande mosquée de Lahore, la mosquée Badshahi pendant la prière
A shop in Lahore, pictures of Mecca are ubiquitous in the shops of Lahore. Here, facing the Shrine Datar Ganj Bakhsh Hajveri / Des images de la Mecque sont omniprésentes dans les magasins de Lahore. Ici, face aux sanctuaires Datar Ganj Bakhsh Hajveri
Breaking the fast during Ramadan in a bazaar of Lahore / Rupture du jeûn pendant le Ramadan dans le bazar de Lahore
In front of the mosque in the Soufis Shrine Datar Ganj Bakhsh Hajveri. This Shrine (holy place) suffered a double attack on 1 July 2010, making 42 victims.
Soufis: The shrine Sufi de Baba Sha Jamal, a thirsday evening /Le sanctuaire soufi de Baba Sha Jamal, un jeudi soir
Sufism: Kushti training in an arena of the old city of Lahore. The arena for this struggle are traditionally located on the outskirts of Sufi tombs / Formation Kushti dans une arène de la vieille ville de Lahore.
Sufism: Kushti training in an arena of the old city of Lahore. The arena for this struggle are traditionally located on the outskirts of Sufi tombs / Formation Kushti dans une arène de la vieille ville de Lahore.
Around a Sufi Shrine in the old city. These places are also often places of rest and relaxation  / Près d'un Temple Soufi dans la vieille ville. Ces lieux servent aussi d'endroit de repos et de détente
In front of the mosque in the Soufis Shrine Datar Ganj Bakhsh Hajveri. This Shrine (holy place) suffered a double attack on 1 July 2010, making 42 victims.
Symbol of the partition, Nankana Sahib, birthplace of Sikhism, a Hindu temple (now occupated by a Muslim family) facing the Mosque
Hindu Temple in Lahore.Hindus. Tiny minority, about 3 million, they have mostly migrated to India during the partition. Difficult to access, they live discreetly.
Hindu Temple in Lahore.Hindus. Tiny minority, about 3 million, they have mostly migrated to India during the partition. Difficult to access, they live discreetly.
Hindu Temple in Lahore.Hindus. Tiny minority, about 3 million, they have mostly migrated to India during the partition. Difficult to access, they live discreetly. Here they share a temple with christians.
Sikhs. Reading the holy book in the Gurudwara Janam Asthana, at Nankana Sahib, birthplace of the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak (1469-1539).
Sikh temple in Lahore. They have mostly left Pakistan during the partition. But Guru Nanak, founder of Sikhism was born in Nankana Sahib, Punjab Pakistani town, still considered a holy place and pilgrimage site.
Nankana SahibTaran Koar to 61 years. She was born in 1948 in Kot, a small village in Pakistan near the border with India. Not far away, Guru Nanak, founder of Sikhism was born in Nankana Sahib. Before the partition of many Sikhs lived this city.
The Ahmadi. In Quadian (India), cradle of the movement and holy city for Ahmadi, derived branch of Islam, considered as Non-Muslim in Pakistan since 1974. On May 28, 2010 more than 80 followers of the "sect" have been killed in two mosques in Pakistan.
Ahmadi : birthplace of the  "messiah" Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. In Quadian (India).
Ahmadi: Mahmud Ahmad (90 years old), is a Ahmadiyyan came from Pakistan during the partition to defend the holy city of Quadian. [...]
The Ahmadi. In Quadian (India), cradle of the movement and holy city for Ahmadi, derived branch of Islam, considered as Non-Muslim in Pakistan since 1974. On May 28, 2010 more than 80 followers of the "sect" have been killed in two mosques in Pakistan.
The Ahmadi. In Quadian (India), cradle of the movement and holy city for Ahmadi, derived branch of Islam, considered as Non-Muslim in Pakistan since 1974. On May 28, 2010 more than 80 followers of the "sect" have been killed in two mosques in Pakistan.
Christians: Sunday worship at Sacred Heart Cathedral. An attack was foiled in this Cathedral during Christmas 2009 / Prière du dimanche à la "Sacred Heart Cathedral". Un attentat a été déjoué dans cette Cathédrale lors du Noël 2009
Christians: Sunday worship at Sacred Heart Cathedral. An attack was foiled in this Cathedral during Christmas 2009 / Prière du dimanche à la "Sacred Heart Cathedral". Un attentat a été déjoué dans cette Cathédrale lors du Noël 2009
Christians: Sunday worship at Sacred Heart Cathedral. The Islamic fundamentalists are still demanding their conversion and held under a constant threat
Pentecostal prayer during Sunday morning on the banks of a neighborhood school / Pentecôtistes pendant la prière du dimanche matin sur les bancs d'une école de quartier
Sunday worship among Pentecostals in a Christian neighborhood of Lahore. He prayed in a tent until the construction of places of worship / Prière du dimanche chez les pentecôtistes dans un quartier chrétien de Lahore. Il prient sous un chapiteau en attend
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