Kibera

It’s the most populated slum in Nairobi, Kenya’s capital, also one of the biggest in Africa. Life conditions are very hard: overpopulation, no running water nor electricity in most of the shack, insalubrity, low school enrolment rate, criminality, short life expectancy.

To those problems come more specifics ones: ethnic rivalries, local and religious beliefs. The interaction between problem makes the place unstable and under constant tension (political, religious, ethnic). After the presidential elections in 2007, riots happened in Nairobi, mostly in slums’ area. The estimations are around one thousand dead in Kibera only, because of riot police, between rival gangs, by machete or gasoline.

Despite this precarious situation, each issue is trying to solve itself, by inhabitant implication, social worker, volunteer, teachers…

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C’est le plus peuplé des bidonvilles de Nairobi, la capitale du Kenya, c’est l’un des plus grands bidonvilles d’Afrique. Les conditions de vie y sont très difficiles: surpopulation, ni eau courante ni électricité pour la majorité des habitations, insalubrité, taux de scolarisation bas, criminalité, espérance de vie réduite.

A ces problèmes viennent s’ajouter d’autres plus spécifiques: rivalités ethniques, poids des croyances locales et religieuses. L’interaction des problèmes entre eux rend le bidonville instable et sous tensions (politiques, religieuses et ethniques) constantes. A la suite des élections présidentielles de 2007, des émeutes ont éclaté à Nairobi et plus particulièrement dans les bidonvilles. A la suite de ces dernières, des estimations ont fait état d’un millier de morts à Kibera, dû à l’intervention de la police anti-emmeute, ou entre groupes rivaux, à coups de machettes ou d’essence.

Malgré cette situation précaire, chaque problème tente de se trouver une solution, par l’implication des habitants; travailleurs sociaux, bénévoles, institutrices…

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Kibera

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Kibera slum, seen from the south.
Nap at midday, Ebenezer Day Care$ School, Mathare Valley slum.
Daniel is unemployed. As approximately 45 % of the Kenyans. He is native of the inside of the country. At the end of the frst school cycle, he asked his parents to support him fnancially for his secondary education, they couldn’t afford it. He came to...
Street with heavy traffic and lots of shops.
Phillip, social worker, lives and works in Kibera. Before the post-electoral riots of december 2007 he worked half-time in an association. After these events, with more than 1000 deads just for Kibera, he decided to involve himself in full time. In his...
School dining room. No cutlery, single menu all week long.
Maureen, Conlyn and her son Deryl live together in the same room in Dandora Estate, an underprivileged and off-centered district of Nairobi. It is necessary to be several by barrack in order to afford the rent. Here walls are solid and hygiene is...
Football pitch on a saturday afternoon.
Daisy is a pupil. It is her frst year at school. She is a joker and mischievous child. When she is not at school, she helps her mother or hangs around in the fruit and vegetables workshop of her grandmother with other children, her cousins and with her...
Georges (in the second place from the left) and the orphans.
Joyce is a Sukuma Wiki farmer, that means «week shoot», it’s a cheap vegetable. It is cultivated in bags made of hessian because of a lack of space. It is a very resistant and pe- rennial vegetable. Three months before, Joyce cooked and sold chapatis...
Stray dog looking for food, near Fort Jésus.
Dieudonné (Ivory Coast), Jacques (Congolese of RdC) and Mathew (Kenyan), they are all ministers. Jacques is invited by Mathew to preach in his church of Kangemi, under-privileged district like Dandora. The religious buildings are often modest, they are...
Evangelistic mass, Kangemi Estate.
Ruben is a cook at «Toi Market» (to pronounce TOW-E), in the North of Kibera and separated from the district of Makina by Joseph Kangethe Road. Ruben cooks sukuma wiki, chappattis, kidney beans, beef boiled tripes, fried fshes (from the lake Victoria)...
Daniel looking after his shoes.
Janet is unemployed. Every Saturday, she is a volunteer in a program of biblical and food instruction for Kibera’s children. She loves children. She loves soccer. She has strengthened and decorated the walls of her kitchen with pictures of Barcelona...
Along the Mombasa/Kimusu railroad, the major route in Kibera.
Sheldon is a clothes seller at «Toi Market». He merged his stand with his brother stand to survive. They take care of it successively every two weeks. During the week when they are not at the stand, the brothers have to manage on their own. At...
Koranic school.
Peter is student in the second academic cycle. He is discreet and skilful. His family cannot pay for his studies at university and cannot take care of him. He will have to find a way to survive.
Classroom, Rehoboth Community Center, Dandora Estate.
Elizabeth and Irène are primary school teachers in Mathare slum, the third most important slum of Nairobi, in terms of surface area; Mathare is second, equally placed, with Gorogocho in terms of population (approximately 700 000 inhabitants). Elizabeth...
Children playing on their way back from school.
Graffiti in reaction to the post-electoral riots of decembre 2007.
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